Can Rabbits Eat Spinach?

a small brown rabbit

Quick Answer:- Can Rabbits Eat Spinach?

Absolutely, rabbits can indeed consume spinach in moderation. This leafy green is rich in vital nutrients such as vitamins A and C, making it a healthy addition to your pet rabbit’s diet. However, it is essential to understand that spinach should not form a significant portion of their diet due to its high levels of oxalic acid, which can cause health problems if consumed in large amounts.

The dietary needs of rabbits are specific and maintaining a balanced diet is crucial for their well-being. If you’re wondering about other suitable foods, you might also be interested in finding out about whether can rabbits eat rocket. Remember, the key to a healthy rabbit diet is variety and moderation.

Is Spinach Harmful To Rabbits?

While spinach isn’t inherently harmful to rabbits, it does contain a high level of oxalic acid. When ingested in large quantities, oxalic acid can lead to a condition known as oxalate poisoning, which can cause kidney problems or urinary tract issues such as bladder stones. Symptoms can include loss of appetite, lethargy, and in severe cases, changes in urine or difficulty urinating.

Thus, it’s recommended that spinach be given to rabbits sparingly and in small portions, ensuring it makes up no more than 10-15% of their overall diet. The remaining diet should comprise of high-fibre hay, small quantities of other leafy greens, and a handful of rabbit-friendly pellets.

It’s always important to gradually introduce any new food into your rabbit’s diet and observe for any signs of digestive discomfort or changes in behaviour. The key takeaway is that while spinach isn’t outright harmful, it needs to be served judiciously due to its oxalic acid content.

Like spinach, asparagus can also be a part of your rabbit’s diet, albeit with some considerations. Find out more on our page discussing whether can rabbits eat asparagus.

small brown rabbit looking at camera

Are There Any Risks Of Feeding Spinach To Rabbits?

Introducing spinach to your rabbit’s diet can indeed have a host of benefits due to its high nutritional value. However, it is important to be aware of the potential risks associated with excessive consumption of spinach. Awareness of these risks can ensure that your rabbit maintains a balanced and healthy diet.

High Oxalic Acid Levels: As previously mentioned, the high oxalic acid content in spinach can lead to kidney problems and urinary tract issues in rabbits.

Nutritional Imbalance: Over-reliance on spinach can prevent your rabbit from receiving a balanced diet, which could lead to deficiencies in other essential nutrients.

Digestive Issues: Sudden changes in diet or excessive amounts of spinach can cause digestive discomfort, including bloating, gas, and diarrhoea.

Overhydration: Although rare, the high water content in spinach can lead to overhydration if consumed in large quantities alongside other water-rich foods.

Choking Hazard: If not chopped properly, large spinach leaves can pose a choking risk.

Reduced Hay Consumption: Rabbits might start neglecting hay, their primary dietary requirement, if they develop a preference for spinach.

Weight Gain: Although spinach is low in fat and calories, overeating any food can lead to weight gain, a serious concern for rabbits.

Pesticide Exposure: Spinach not thoroughly washed could contain pesticides which are harmful to rabbits.

Potential Allergies: Although uncommon, some rabbits might be allergic to spinach and exhibit reactions such as skin irritation or respiratory distress.

Tooth Decay: The natural sugars in spinach, when consumed in excess, can lead to tooth decay over time.

In summary, while spinach can be a beneficial addition to a rabbit’s diet due to its nutritional richness, the potential risks associated with overconsumption cannot be ignored. It’s important to remember that spinach should only constitute a small portion of your rabbit’s diet, with the majority being high-fibre hay, complemented by a variety of other safe fruits and vegetables. By ensuring diversity in your rabbit’s diet, you can mitigate these risks and maintain their overall health and well-being.

Is Spinach A Good Source Of Nutrition For Rabbits?

Spinach is indeed a nutritious food source for rabbits when offered in moderation. It contains a range of vitamins and minerals that contribute positively to a rabbit’s health. Here’s a table detailing the nutritional content of spinach and how each component benefits your rabbit:

NutrientBenefit to Rabbits
Vitamin AVital for a rabbit’s immune system, skin health, and vision.
Vitamin CHelps combat environmental stress and boosts the immune system.
Vitamin KImportant for blood clotting and bone health.
IronVital for healthy blood and the prevention of anaemia.
CalciumRequired for bone and dental health, but should be given in moderation due to kidney health concerns.
PotassiumA key electrolyte that promotes heart health and nerve function.
MagnesiumSupports bone health and energy production.
FibreEssential for a rabbit’s digestive system, promoting gut motility and reducing the risk of GI stasis.

While spinach does contain many beneficial nutrients, remember that it should only form a small part of your rabbit’s overall diet, which should be primarily composed of hay, complemented by a variety of other fruits and vegetables. This way, you can ensure a balanced and varied nutritional intake for your rabbit.

Types of Spinach For Rabbits

In the UK, there are several types of spinach that are widely available and can be offered to rabbits. Each variant has a slightly different nutritional profile and texture, but all can be incorporated into your pet’s diet in moderation. Here’s an overview of these varieties:

Perpetual Spinach: Despite its name, perpetual spinach is actually a type of chard. However, it closely resembles spinach in taste and nutritional content. Its hardy nature means it’s available throughout most of the year in the UK.

Baby Spinach: This is simply young spinach that has been harvested early. Baby spinach leaves are tender and mild in flavour, which may be more palatable to some rabbits.

Savoy Spinach: Recognisable by its dark green, crinkly leaves, Savoy spinach is rich in nutrients. It’s a common variety found in many UK supermarkets and farmers’ markets.

Smooth-Leaf Spinach: This type, also known as flat-leaf spinach, has smooth, flat leaves. It’s often packaged in bags or sold loose in supermarkets.

Semi-Savoy Spinach: This is a hybrid of smooth-leaf and Savoy spinach, featuring slightly crinkled leaves. It offers a similar nutritional profile and is a good option for a rabbit’s diet.

Regardless of the type of spinach you choose, always ensure it’s fresh, thoroughly washed, and given in moderation due to the high oxalic acid content. Remember to diversify your rabbit’s diet with other leafy greens, fruits, vegetables, and high-quality hay.


Do Rabbits Like Spinach?

Yes, many rabbits do enjoy the taste of spinach. Its slightly bitter yet earthy flavour seems to appeal to them. However, like people, each rabbit has its own individual preferences, and what one rabbit enjoys, another may not.

It’s always a good idea to introduce any new food, including spinach, gradually and in small amounts to gauge your rabbit’s response. Always remember to balance spinach with other leafy greens, fruits, vegetables, and a generous amount of hay to ensure a varied and balanced diet.

It’s also crucial to observe your rabbit after introducing any new food. If your rabbit shows signs of digestive discomfort or changes in behaviour after consuming spinach, it would be wise to remove it from their diet and consult with your vet.

In summary, while many rabbits do enjoy spinach, it’s important to pay attention to your rabbit’s individual preferences and reactions when adding this leafy green to their diet.

How Should You Serve Them Spinach?

When it comes to serving spinach to your rabbits, there are a few essential steps to keep in mind to ensure their safety and enjoyment:

Purchase Fresh Spinach: Always choose fresh spinach for your rabbit. Avoid wilted or yellowed leaves as they may harbour bacteria that could cause digestive problems.

Wash Thoroughly: Before feeding spinach to your rabbit, rinse it thoroughly under cold running water. This step will help remove any pesticides or contaminants that may be harmful to your pet.

Serve in Moderation: Remember, spinach is high in oxalic acid, which can cause health issues if consumed in large quantities. Therefore, spinach should only form a small part of your rabbit’s diet, ideally no more than once or twice a week.

Chop If Necessary: If the spinach leaves are large, you may need to chop them into smaller, bite-sized pieces. This step can prevent choking hazards, especially for smaller rabbits or those prone to eating quickly.

Gradual Introduction: If your rabbit has never had spinach before, introduce it gradually into their diet. Start with a small piece and watch for any signs of digestive discomfort.

Variety is Key: Mix spinach with other safe leafy greens to provide a variety in taste and nutrition.

Remove Unconsumed Spinach: If there’s any spinach left uneaten after a few hours, it’s best to remove it from your rabbit’s enclosure to prevent the consumption of spoiled food.

By following these steps, you can ensure your rabbit enjoys their spinach safely and healthily. As always, if you have any concerns about your rabbit’s diet, it’s a good idea to consult with a vet.

How Much Spinach Can Rabbits Eat?

While spinach is a nutritious addition to your rabbit’s diet, due to its high oxalic acid content, it should only make up a small part of their intake. A good rule of thumb is that leafy greens, including spinach, should make up about 75% of the fresh portion of your rabbit’s diet, or roughly one packed cup of greens for every 1kg of your rabbit’s weight per day.

However, due to the oxalic acid in spinach, it is recommended to feed it to your rabbit no more than once or twice a week. A few leaves each time should suffice, depending on the size and weight of your rabbit.

Also, bear in mind that the majority of your rabbit’s diet (around 80-90%) should consist of high-quality, high-fibre hay. The remainder can be made up of a mix of fresh vegetables, a small amount of fruit, and a handful of rabbit pellets.

As always, observe your rabbit after introducing any new food into their diet. If they show signs of digestive upset or other unusual symptoms, it’s best to remove the food and consult a vet. The most important principle is to provide a varied and balanced diet to ensure your rabbit gets a range of nutrients.

What Should Their Main Diet Consist Of?

A rabbit’s diet should be carefully balanced and varied to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients for a healthy life. The majority of their diet should consist of the following elements:

Hay: High-quality hay, such as Timothy or Meadow hay, is the mainstay of a rabbit’s diet. It should constitute around 80-90% of their overall intake. Hay is crucial for maintaining good digestive health and dental wear.

Leafy Greens: A variety of fresh leafy greens should make up a sizeable portion of your rabbit’s diet. They provide important vitamins and nutrients and should represent about 10-15% of their diet.

Pellets: High-quality rabbit pellets can also be included in small amounts, offering a concentrated source of nutrients. However, they should only form a minor part of the diet, typically no more than 5%.

Fresh Water: Rabbits should always have access to fresh, clean water.

Fruits: These should be viewed as an occasional treat due to their high sugar content. An example of a safe fruit for rabbits is the blueberry. You can read more about this topic in our article can rabbits eat blueberries.

It’s essential to remember that any changes to a rabbit’s diet should be made gradually to avoid upsetting their sensitive digestive system. Regularly observing your rabbit’s behaviour, eating habits, and overall health will help ensure they’re maintaining a balanced diet. Always consult with a vet if you have any concerns or questions about your rabbit’s diet.

two rabbits cuddling

Where Can You Buy Rabbits Food?

There are several reliable online outlets where you can purchase high-quality rabbit food in the UK:

  • Pets At Home offers a wide selection of rabbit food and feeding hay to cater to the dietary needs of your pet rabbit.
  • VetUK provides a range of rabbit supplies, including various types of rabbit food.
  • PetPlanet is another great online pet store offering a range of rabbit food and treats.
  • The Pet Express has an extensive range of rabbit food to cater to the dietary needs of your rabbit at different stages of life.
  • VioVet provides a diverse selection of food specifically tailored for small animals, including rabbits.
  • Pets and Friends offer a curated collection of rabbit food, including specialist diet options.

Each of these retailers has its strengths, so you may want to browse through them to find the right products for your rabbit’s specific needs. Always remember to consider your rabbit’s age, health status, and personal preferences when selecting food.

What Food Should You Avoid Giving Rabbits?

Feeding your rabbit the right food is crucial for their health and longevity. While there are many foods that are safe and beneficial for rabbits, there are also several foods and drinks that should be strictly avoided. The following table provides an overview of these potentially harmful items and explains why they should not be included in a rabbit’s diet:

Food or DrinkReason to Avoid
AvocadosThese are highly toxic to rabbits due to their high-fat content and the presence of a toxin called persin.
ChocolateChocolate contains theobromine, which is highly toxic to rabbits and can cause digestive problems, seizures, or even death.
Dairy ProductsRabbits are lactose intolerant, so milk, cheese, and other dairy products can cause severe digestive upset.
MeatRabbits are herbivores, and their digestive system is not designed to process meat.
OnionsOnions, including green onions, are toxic to rabbits and can cause blood disorders. More information about this can be found in our article can rabbits eat green onions.
AlcoholThis can be extremely harmful to rabbits, causing serious damage to their nervous system.
CaffeineBeverages like coffee or tea are not suitable for rabbits. Caffeine can lead to heart problems and other health issues.

The above list is not exhaustive, and there are many other foods and drinks that can be harmful to your rabbit. It’s always a good idea to research or consult with a vet before introducing any new food to your rabbit’s diet.

A rabbit’s diet should primarily consist of high-quality hay, a variety of fresh vegetables, a small number of pellets, and limited fruit. Avoiding the potentially harmful items listed above will help ensure your rabbit’s longevity and overall well-being.

small rabbit on snow


In conclusion, while spinach can be a nutritious addition to your rabbit’s diet, it’s essential to offer it in moderation due to its high oxalic acid content. As rabbit owners, we must strive to provide a balanced and varied diet for our pets, consisting primarily of high-quality hay, supplemented by fresh vegetables, a small number of pellets, and the occasional treat of fruit.

It’s also crucial to be aware of the potential risks and signs of overfeeding spinach, and to understand the potentially harmful foods to avoid. The health of our rabbits is our responsibility, and that starts with what we feed them.

Above all, your rabbit’s diet should cater to its specific needs and preferences. If you’re ever in doubt about what to feed your rabbit, don’t hesitate to consult with a veterinary professional. Keeping our furry friends happy, healthy, and well-fed is at the heart of responsible rabbit care.


Can Baby Rabbits Eat Spinach?

Baby rabbits, also known as kits, should not be given spinach or any other leafy green until they are at least 12 weeks old. Before this age, their diet should consist primarily of their mother’s milk and alfalfa hay, which is rich in the calcium they need for growth. After 12 weeks, spinach can be gradually introduced into their diet, but always in moderation.

Is Cooked Spinach Safe for Rabbits?

Cooked spinach is not recommended for rabbits. Cooking removes some of the nutrients and alters the texture, making it less suitable for rabbits. Raw, fresh spinach, thoroughly washed, is the best way to offer this leafy green to your rabbit.

Can Rabbits Eat Spinach Every Day?

No, due to its high oxalic acid content, rabbits should not eat spinach every day. It’s best to feed spinach to your rabbit once or twice a week, and always in combination with other safe leafy greens to ensure a balanced diet.

Is Frozen Spinach Safe for Rabbits?

Frozen spinach can be given to rabbits, but it must be thoroughly defrosted and brought to room temperature before feeding. Never feed your rabbit any food that is too cold as it can cause digestive problems. It’s also important to note that fresh spinach is always a better option.

What Other Leafy Greens Can Rabbits Eat?

Rabbits can eat a wide variety of leafy greens, including romaine lettuce, spring greens, rocket, watercress, and herbs like basil and parsley. Offering a diverse mix of leafy greens ensures your rabbit gets a range of nutrients.

Can Rabbits Eat Spinach Stalks?

Yes, rabbits can eat both the leaves and the stalks of spinach. The stalks provide extra fibre and are perfectly safe, but they should still be offered in moderation along with the leaves.


Pets at Home. (2023). Rabbit Feed Guide. Available at: (Accessed: 24 June 2023).

RSPCA. (2023). Rabbit Diet Planner. Available at: (Accessed: 24 June 2023).

VCA Hospitals. (2023). Feeding Your Rabbit. Available at: (Accessed: 24 June 2023).

Vets4Pets. (2023). Feeding Your Rabbit. Available at: (Accessed: 24 June 2023).

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