Can Rabbits Eat Cabbage?

bunch of baby rabbits

Quick Answer:- Can Rabbits Eat Cabbage?

Yes, rabbits can eat cabbage. However, it’s crucial to remember that it should be given in moderation as part of a balanced diet. Introducing it slowly into their diet and monitoring your rabbit’s reaction to cabbage is essential to avoid any potential digestive upset. It’s also worth noting that not all rabbits react the same way to various types of food. If you’re introducing cabbage to your rabbit’s diet for the first time, be cautious and observe their reaction closely. To learn about other fruits and vegetables suitable for rabbits, consider reading our guide on whether can rabbits eat pineapple.

Is Cabbage Harmful To Rabbits?

Cabbage itself isn’t inherently harmful to rabbits, but it can cause health issues if not managed properly in their diet. Rabbits have delicate digestive systems that require a certain balance of fibre and other nutrients to function optimally. If a rabbit consumes too much cabbage, it can lead to bloating, gas, and discomfort due to the high levels of certain compounds in the cabbage. This can be quite serious if not addressed promptly.

So, while cabbage is not toxic to rabbits, it’s important to monitor how much they eat and how frequently. It’s recommended that you introduce cabbage into your rabbit’s diet slowly and in small amounts. Observe your rabbit closely for any changes in behaviour or stool, which could be signs of discomfort or digestive upset.

Just like cabbage, other fruits and vegetables can be enjoyed by rabbits in moderation. Check out our article to find out if can rabbits eat raspberries.

two white rabbits

Are There Any Risks Of Feeding Cabbage To Rabbits?

Feeding your rabbit cabbage can provide a variation in their diet, but it does come with its own set of risks if not properly regulated. The potential health concerns are related to the compounds in cabbage that a rabbit’s digestive system can struggle to process if consumed in large amounts. Here are some risks associated with feeding cabbage to your rabbits:

Digestive Problems: Cabbage contains complex sugars that can be hard for a rabbit’s digestive system to break down. This could potentially lead to digestive issues such as diarrhoea or constipation.

Bloating and Gas: Excessive consumption of cabbage can cause bloating and gas in rabbits. This is because the breakdown of cabbage in the gut can produce gas.

Gut Stasis: A serious condition that rabbits can develop from overeating cabbage is gastrointestinal stasis, a potentially life-threatening slowdown of the digestive system.

Change in Appetite: A rabbit might prefer the taste of cabbage over its regular food, leading to a change in eating habits and possible malnutrition.

Nutritional Imbalance: Feeding too much cabbage can lead to an imbalance in the essential nutrients that a rabbit needs, potentially causing health issues.

Tooth Decay: Cabbage does not provide the abrasive action that hay provides to naturally wear down a rabbit’s constantly growing teeth, which could lead to dental problems over time.

Obesity: If cabbage replaces more nutritionally balanced food in a rabbit’s diet, it can contribute to weight gain and obesity.

Pesticides and Chemicals: Cabbages may contain traces of pesticides or other chemicals used during farming, which could harm your rabbit if not thoroughly washed.

Choking Hazard: If a rabbit is fed large pieces of cabbage, there’s a risk of choking, especially if the rabbit tends to eat quickly.

Allergic Reaction: Though rare, some rabbits may have an allergic reaction to cabbage, leading to symptoms like skin irritation, itching, or difficulty breathing.

In summary, while cabbage can be a part of a rabbit’s diet, it’s essential to introduce it gradually and monitor its intake closely. Overconsumption can lead to a range of health issues, from digestive problems to nutritional imbalance and even serious conditions like gut stasis. Always observe your rabbit’s behaviour and health after introducing new foods like cabbage into its diet, and consult a vet if you notice any adverse reactions.

Is Cabbage A Good Source Of Nutrition For Rabbits?

While a rabbit’s primary source of nutrition should always be hay, due to its high fibre content, fresh vegetables like cabbage can complement this diet with additional nutrients. However, it’s crucial to remember that these should not replace the core components of a rabbit’s diet. Here’s a look at the nutritional composition of cabbage and how it benefits rabbits:

NutrientBenefit for Rabbits
FibreAids in the digestion process, promoting healthy gut function and preventing issues like constipation.
Vitamin CSupports the immune system and overall health, though rabbits can produce Vitamin C on their own.
Vitamin KAids in blood clotting, ensuring your rabbit’s wounds heal properly.
PotassiumContributes to muscle function and heart health.
CalciumSupports bone health but should be given in moderation to prevent urinary issues.
Folate (B9)Essential for DNA synthesis and repair, thus supporting overall health.

Remember, the key to a healthy rabbit diet is balance. While cabbage offers certain benefits, it should not replace other essential elements of a rabbit’s diet, like hay and a variety of other safe vegetables and fruits. In fact, variety is crucial in a rabbit’s diet to ensure they receive a wide range of nutrients. A good example would be feeding spinach to rabbits, which provides different nutrients and benefits.

gray rabbit with flower on its head

Types of Cabbage For Rabbits

Different types of cabbage can provide a change in flavour and texture for your rabbit, potentially making mealtimes more exciting for them. It’s crucial, however, to remember to introduce any new food slowly into their diet and to continue monitoring your rabbit for any signs of discomfort or distress. Here are the types of cabbage that are typically available in the UK and are safe for rabbits:

Green Cabbage: This is the most common type of cabbage, with a slightly peppery flavour. It’s safe for rabbits in small quantities and should be thoroughly washed before serving.

Red Cabbage: Similar to green cabbage but with a slightly deeper flavour, red cabbage is also safe for rabbits. Its vibrant colour can make a meal more appealing for your pet, but as with any cabbage variety, it should be given in moderation.

Savoy Cabbage: Recognisable by its crinkled leaves, savoy cabbage has a milder flavour and can also be fed to rabbits in small amounts.

Spring Greens (Collard Greens): This type of cabbage has loose, softer leaves, and is harvested early in the season. It’s rich in nutrients and is usually well-tolerated by rabbits.

White Cabbage (Dutch Cabbage): A type of green cabbage, white cabbage is denser and has a milder flavour. As with all varieties, it should be introduced gradually and given in moderation.

Each type of cabbage offers a different taste and texture, but remember, the key to a healthy rabbit diet is balance. Cabbage should only make up a small part of your rabbit’s diet, alongside other safe vegetables, hay, and a limited amount of fruit.

Do Rabbits Like Cabbage?

Many rabbits do enjoy the taste and texture of cabbage. It can be a pleasing addition to their regular diet due to its crispness and natural moisture content. However, just like humans, each rabbit has individual preferences and may react differently to various foods. Some rabbits might thoroughly enjoy cabbage, while others might not be as interested.

It’s also important to note that while rabbits may like cabbage, their liking should not dictate the quantity they consume. Even if your rabbit appears to be a big fan of cabbage, moderation is key to maintaining their health.

In conclusion, while many rabbits do like cabbage, their individual tastes can vary. If your rabbit doesn’t seem interested in cabbage, that’s perfectly normal. There are plenty of other safe fruits and vegetables that they might prefer. The crucial part is to provide a balanced and varied diet for your rabbit to ensure they get all the nutrients they need.

How Should You Serve Them Cabbage?

Serving cabbage to your rabbit requires some considerations to ensure it is safe and beneficial for them. Here are some steps to follow:

Wash Thoroughly: Before serving cabbage or any other vegetable to your rabbit, it’s crucial to wash it thoroughly to remove any potential pesticides, dirt, or bacteria. Using cool running water will usually be sufficient.

Cut into Small Pieces: While rabbits can handle large pieces of food, it’s often safer and easier for them to eat if you cut the cabbage into small, bite-sized pieces. This can also help prevent choking.

Serve Raw: Cabbage should be served raw to your rabbit. Cooking it can change the nutritional profile and may make it harder for your rabbit to digest.

Introduce Slowly: If your rabbit has never eaten cabbage before, introduce it into their diet slowly. Start with a small amount and observe how your rabbit reacts to it.

Moderation is Key: Even if your rabbit appears to love cabbage, it should only be a small part of their diet. Too much cabbage can lead to digestive issues.

Combine with Other Vegetables: Combining cabbage with other safe vegetables can provide your rabbit with a varied diet, ensuring they receive a wide range of nutrients.

Remove Uneaten Cabbage: If your rabbit leaves any uneaten cabbage, it’s best to remove it from their enclosure to prevent it from rotting and causing health issues.

Remember, every rabbit is different. Always monitor how your rabbit reacts to new foods, and consult your vet if you have any concerns or questions about your rabbit’s diet.

ginger and black rabbit touching noses

How Much Cabbage Can Rabbits Eat?

While cabbage can be a part of your rabbit’s diet, it’s crucial to feed it in moderation due to the potential health risks associated with overeating.

As a guideline, you can provide your rabbit a couple of tablespoons of chopped cabbage per 2 pounds (approximately 1 kilogram) of body weight, 1-2 times a week. It’s essential to monitor your rabbit closely when introducing cabbage and adjust the amount according to your rabbit’s individual reaction.

Remember, the bulk of your rabbit’s diet (around 85-90%) should consist of fresh hay, which aids in digestion and provides the necessary fibre. Fresh water should also be available at all times.

Also, ensure to balance cabbage with other safe vegetables and fruits to provide a varied diet and supply different nutrients that are essential for your rabbit’s health. If your rabbit shows any signs of discomfort or illness after eating cabbage, it’s best to consult a vet immediately. It’s always better to err on the side of caution when it comes to your rabbit’s diet and health.

What Should Their Main Diet Consist Of?

A healthy diet for a rabbit is vital to their overall wellbeing. Here are the key components:

Hay: This should make up the bulk of a rabbit’s diet, around 85-90%. Hay is rich in fibre and is essential for good digestive health. It also helps to naturally wear down a rabbit’s teeth, which grow continuously. Timothy hay, meadow hay, and other grass hays are excellent choices for adult rabbits.

Leafy Greens and Vegetables: A variety of leafy greens and vegetables should also be included in your rabbit’s diet. This includes cabbage (in moderation), broccoli, spinach, bell peppers, and others. Variety is important to provide a range of nutrients.

Pellets: High-quality rabbit pellets can be a supplemental part of the diet, providing additional vitamins and minerals. However, they should be given in moderation (a small handful daily is usually sufficient) as they are quite calorie-dense.

Fruit: Fruits are high in sugar and should only be given as occasional treats. Apples, pears, and berries can be offered in small amounts.

Water: Fresh, clean water should be available for your rabbit at all times. They should have constant access to a water bowl or a drip-feed bottle.

It’s important to note that while this is a general guide, individual rabbits might have specific dietary needs depending on their age, size, and health condition. Always consult with your vet for advice tailored to your pet’s unique needs.

white and brown rabbit looking at camera

Where Can You Buy Rabbits Food?

There are numerous places where you can purchase high-quality food for your rabbit. Here are some reputable online stores in the UK:

  • Pets at Home offers a wide variety of rabbit food, from hay and pellets to treats and dietary supplements.
  • Pet Planet provides an array of rabbit food and treats to help ensure your rabbit gets a balanced diet.
  • The Pet Express stocks a vast range of rabbit foods from leading brands, helping you find the perfect option for your pet.
  • VetUK is another excellent place to shop for rabbit food, as they offer a selection of vet-approved options for your rabbit’s nutrition.
  • VioVet is a renowned pet care company with a comprehensive range of rabbit food to ensure a balanced diet for your furry friend.

Remember to choose food that suits your rabbit’s specific age, size, and health needs. It’s always a good idea to consult with your vet before making significant changes to your rabbit’s diet.

What Food Should You Avoid Giving Rabbits?

While rabbits can enjoy a variety of foods, there are certain items that they should avoid due to potential health risks. The following table outlines some of these food items and explains why they’re not suitable for rabbits:

Food or DrinkReason to Avoid
Chocolate and SweetsThese contain high levels of sugar and can cause serious digestive issues, obesity, and even poisoning in rabbits.
AlcoholIt can lead to poisoning, liver damage, and is fatal in many cases.
Onions and GarlicThese can cause blood disorders in rabbits and should be strictly avoided.
AvocadoAll parts of the avocado plant are toxic to rabbits due to a substance called persin.
Dairy ProductsRabbits are lactose intolerant and cannot digest dairy products like milk, cheese, or yoghurt.
RhubarbThis plant is poisonous to rabbits and can lead to serious health issues.
MeatRabbits are herbivores, and their digestive systems are not designed to process meat.
Bread and PastaThese are too starchy for rabbits and can cause digestive problems.

Remember, this list is not exhaustive, and other foods may also be harmful to rabbits. Always research a food item or consult with your vet before introducing it to your rabbit’s diet.

If you suspect your rabbit has consumed something harmful, it’s crucial to seek veterinary help immediately. Typical signs of illness may include changes in behaviour, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, and lethargy. As always, prevention is the best form of protection, so ensure that all harmful foods are kept well out of reach of your rabbit.


In conclusion, while cabbage can be a part of a rabbit’s diet, it’s important to ensure it’s given in moderation and doesn’t replace the key components of their diet such as hay, other safe vegetables, and a small number of rabbit pellets. Each rabbit is unique and may react differently to different foods, so it’s crucial to introduce new foods slowly and observe for any signs of distress or discomfort.

Also, it’s essential to remember that there are certain foods rabbits should strictly avoid due to potential health risks. Always consult with your vet before making any significant changes to your rabbit’s diet or if you notice any signs of illness in your pet.

In providing a balanced diet and ensuring the health and happiness of your pet rabbit, you’re fostering a strong bond and ensuring your furry friend leads a long, healthy life. As pet owners, the wellbeing of our pets is our primary responsibility, and their dietary needs play a key role in this.


Can Rabbits Eat Cooked Cabbage?

No, rabbits should not eat cooked cabbage. Rabbits have delicate digestive systems best suited to raw fruits, vegetables, and most importantly, hay. Cooking cabbage can alter its nutritional profile and make it harder for rabbits to digest. Always serve cabbage to rabbits in its raw, washed, and chopped form.

Can Baby Rabbits Eat Cabbage?

Baby rabbits, also known as kits, have different dietary needs than adult rabbits. They should primarily be consuming their mother’s milk and gradually introduced to hay. Cabbage and other vegetables should only be introduced once they reach about 12 weeks old, and even then, it should be done so gradually and in small quantities to prevent digestive issues.

Is Red Cabbage Safe For Rabbits?

Yes, red cabbage is safe for rabbits to consume in moderation. However, as with any other type of cabbage, it can lead to digestive issues if given in large quantities. Therefore, only a small amount of red cabbage should be included in their diet.

Can Rabbits Eat Cabbage Every Day?

While rabbits can eat cabbage, it’s not recommended to feed it to them every day. Too much cabbage can lead to bloating and other digestive issues due to its high water and fibre content. It’s better to offer cabbage as a treat a couple of times a week, alongside a balanced diet of hay, other safe vegetables, and a small number of rabbit pellets.

What Is The Best Time To Feed Cabbage To Rabbits?

There isn’t a definitive ‘best time’ to feed cabbage to rabbits. However, since rabbits are crepuscular animals (most active during dawn and dusk), it might be a good idea to feed them their vegetables, including cabbage, during these times. Always remember to observe how your rabbit reacts to new foods and consult with your vet if you notice any changes in their behaviour or health.


RSPCA. (n.d.). Rabbits. Available at: (Accessed: 4 July 2023).

Blue Cross. (n.d.). Rabbit Advice. Available at: (Accessed: 4 July 2023).

Pets at Home. (n.d.). Rabbit Care Advice. Available at: (Accessed: 4 July 2023).

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