Can Chickens Eat Watermelon?

white and brown chicken on green grass during daytime

Quick Answer:- Can Chickens Eat Watermelon?

Indeed, chickens can safely consume watermelon, and in fact, it can be a beneficial part of their diet. Watermelon is not only delicious but also hydrating and packed with nutrients that are good for your feathery friends. Just remember to remove the seeds as they can be harmful if consumed in large quantities.

Chickens enjoy a variety of fruits in their diet, and if you’re curious about other safe options for your flock, you might want to check out our guide on whether can chickens have blueberries?

Are Watermelon Harmful To Chickens?

Watermelon itself is not harmful to chickens. It’s a refreshing treat that’s chock-full of vitamins and water, helping to keep your chickens hydrated, especially on hot days. However, the seeds can be a potential hazard. While a few seeds are unlikely to cause problems, a large quantity might lead to an obstruction in the digestive tract. To ensure the safety of your birds, it’s advisable to offer seedless watermelon or manually remove the seeds before feeding.

Moreover, not all fruits are safe for chickens. It’s crucial to be knowledgeable about their diet. For instance, can chickens eat blackberries? This is another commonly asked question, and you can find the answer in our comprehensive guide.

brown hen on green grass during daytime

Is There Any Risks Of Feeding Watermelon To Chickens?

Feeding watermelon to chickens is generally safe and even beneficial, but as with any food, there can be potential risks if not managed appropriately. Let’s delve into some of the potential hazards and how they can be mitigated:

Seed ingestion: As previously mentioned, watermelon seeds could lead to digestive obstruction if consumed in large amounts.

Overconsumption: Chickens love watermelon, and if given the chance, they might overindulge. Overeating watermelon could lead to diarrhoea or other digestive issues due to its high water content.

Nutrient imbalance: Watermelon should only be a treat and not a staple in their diet. Relying too heavily on watermelon could lead to a nutrient imbalance as it lacks some of the essential proteins, grains, and seeds chickens need.

Attracting pests: Uneaten watermelon can quickly attract flies, ants, and other pests. This could lead to a pest problem in your coop.

Mould growth: If watermelon is left out for too long, it could start to mould, which is dangerous for chickens if consumed.

Choking hazard: Larger pieces of watermelon could present a choking hazard. To avoid this, watermelon should be cut into appropriately sized pieces.

Unripe or overripe: Unripe watermelon could cause digestive issues, while overripe, rotten watermelon could potentially lead to food poisoning.

Refrigeration issues: Chickens prefer their food at room temperature. Cold watermelon straight from the fridge could be a shock to their system.

Competition and pecking: Chickens can become competitive over treats. This could lead to aggressive behaviour and pecking among the flock.

Waste issues: Overconsumption of watermelon could lead to more waste material, requiring more frequent cleaning of their living space.

In conclusion, while watermelon can be a delicious treat for your chickens, it’s essential to monitor their consumption and ensure the fruit is presented in a safe and healthy manner. By addressing these potential risks, you can ensure that feeding watermelon to your chickens is a joyous event, free of any harm.

Are Watermelon A Good Source Of Nutrition For Chickens?

Watermelon is not just a refreshing treat, but it also comes packed with a multitude of nutrients. Although it should not replace a balanced diet, it can certainly supplement your chickens’ nutrition profile. Let’s have a closer look at the nutritional benefits of watermelon for your feathery friends:

NutrientBenefit for Chickens
WaterWatermelons are about 92% water. This makes them a fantastic source of hydration for chickens, especially during hot weather.
Vitamin ASupports growth, eye health, and immunity in chickens.
Vitamin CAlthough chickens can produce their own Vitamin C, additional sources can help combat stress and boost immunity.
Vitamin B6Helps support energy metabolism and the nervous system in chickens.
PotassiumContributes to a variety of body functions, including heart function, and aids in maintaining fluid balance.
MagnesiumSupports bone health and metabolic functions.
LycopeneA powerful antioxidant that’s beneficial for overall health.

Just remember, variety is key when it comes to feeding your chickens. Alongside their standard chicken feed, rotating different fruits can provide a range of nutritional benefits. For example, consider feeding oranges to chickens for a different set of nutrients. Always keep an eye on their reactions to new foods and ensure the introduction is gradual.

Types of Watermelon For Chickens

Watermelon varieties abound, with a range that can cater to the preferences of your chickens. It’s important to choose the right type to ensure their safety and enjoyment. Here are some types of watermelon that are readily available in the UK and safe for chickens:

Seedless Watermelon: This is the safest type to feed your chickens as you don’t have to worry about removing seeds. As the name suggests, these watermelons are virtually free of hard, mature seeds.

Picnic Watermelon: Also known as the oblong watermelon, these are quite common in the UK. If you choose to feed this type to your chickens, ensure you’ve removed all seeds.

Icebox Watermelon: This variety is smaller and perfect for a small flock. They’re sweet, refreshing, and easy for the chickens to eat.

Yellow/Orange Watermelon: While these are less common, they are just as safe for chickens. They’re sweeter than traditional watermelons and could be a fun change for your chickens.

Remember, no matter the variety, the watermelon should be fresh, ripe, and appropriately prepared (cut into small pieces, seeds removed) to ensure the safety and health of your chickens. Also, watermelon should be treated as a supplement and not replace their regular, balanced diet.

Do Chickens Like Watermelon?

Yes, chickens generally love watermelon. It’s not uncommon to see them enthusiastically pecking at the sweet, juicy flesh of this fruit. The water content helps keep them hydrated, particularly in warm weather, while the sweet taste is something they tend to enjoy.

However, like humans, chickens also have individual preferences. While most will relish a piece of watermelon, others might not be as enthusiastic. It’s always a good idea to introduce any new food, including watermelon, gradually and observe how your chickens react to it.

Remember, variety in a diet is just as important for chickens as it is for humans. By providing a range of suitable fruits, vegetables, and their regular feed, you can ensure they’re receiving a balanced and nutritious diet.

Can Chickens Eat The Rind Of Watermelon?

Yes, chickens can indeed eat the rind of the watermelon. Although it’s not as sweet or juicy as the red flesh, the rind is still a source of nutrients. Chickens will happily peck away at the rind until nothing’s left but the outermost skin.

However, as always, make sure to properly clean the watermelon to remove any pesticide residues before offering it to your chickens. It’s also a good idea to cut the rind into manageable pieces to prevent choking.

Remember, while chickens can enjoy a variety of treats, their main diet should consist of quality chicken feed to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients they need to stay healthy. Treats like watermelon and its rind should complement, not replace, their regular feed.

brown and red rooster on gray concrete floor

How Should You Serve Them Watermelon?

Serving watermelon to chickens is quite straightforward, but there are some steps you should follow to ensure it’s safe and enjoyable for your flock:

Clean the Watermelon: Start by washing the outer skin of the watermelon to remove any potential pesticides or bacteria.

Cut the Watermelon: Slice the watermelon into chunks that are easy for your chickens to peck at. If it’s a seeded variety, try to remove as many seeds as possible.

Serve at Room Temperature: While chilled watermelon might seem like a good idea on a hot day, chickens generally prefer their food at room temperature. Cold food can be a shock to their system.

Monitor Consumption: Place the watermelon pieces in their coop or run and let your chickens enjoy. Keep an eye on them to make sure all chickens get their share and no aggressive behaviour ensues.

Clean Up: After they’ve finished, promptly remove any leftovers. This is to prevent attracting pests or the growth of mould, which could be harmful to chickens.

Watermelon is a treat, and should not make up more than 10% of your chickens’ diet. The majority of their diet should come from a balanced chicken feed, which provides all the necessary nutrients they need for their health and wellbeing.

How Much Watermelon Can Chickens Eat?

While chickens enjoy watermelon and can benefit from the hydration and nutrients it offers, it’s essential to serve it in moderation. Watermelon should be treated as a treat, making up no more than 10% of their overall diet. The majority of their dietary intake should be a high-quality poultry feed, ensuring they receive a balanced mix of nutrients.

A good rule of thumb is to offer a few chunks of watermelon a couple of times a week, depending on the size of your flock. Too much watermelon can lead to diarrhoea due to its high water content, or potentially a nutrient imbalance if it replaces other more nutrient-dense foods.

As with all foods, it’s best to observe your chickens when introducing a new treat. If they react well and show no signs of digestive discomfort, you can safely continue providing watermelon as part of their diet.

What Should Their Main Diet Consist Of?

Chickens require a balanced and varied diet to ensure they stay healthy and productive. Their main diet should consist of:

Poultry Feed: Commercially prepared chicken feed should make up the bulk of a chicken’s diet as it’s formulated to provide all the essential nutrients chickens need. This comes in a few forms including mash, pellets, and crumbles.

Protein: Chickens need a good amount of protein for growth, egg production, and overall health. Sources can include mealworms, bugs, and even leftover lean meat in small amounts.

Greens: Leafy green vegetables are excellent for chickens. They provide necessary vitamins and minerals and can be hung in the coop for the chickens to peck at throughout the day.

Grit: Chickens require grit to help their gizzard break down food. This can often be found naturally if the chickens are free-range, but should be supplemented if they’re confined.

Calcium: Especially important for laying hens, calcium can be supplemented through oyster shells or crushed eggshells to ensure strong, healthy egg production.

Fresh Water: Above all, chickens must have access to clean, fresh water at all times. Hydration is crucial to their health and productivity.

Remember, treats such as watermelon, other fruits, or kitchen scraps should only make up a small portion of their diet and should not replace their main feed. Providing a well-rounded diet will keep your chickens healthy, happy, and productive.

Where Can You Buy Chickens Food?

Acquiring nutritious and balanced chicken food in the UK has never been easier, with numerous online and physical shops catering to your poultry’s dietary needs. Here are some of the popular places you can procure chicken food:

Pets at Home offers a comprehensive range of chicken food and treats, from pellets and grains to specially formulated mixes.

The Pet Express provides a great variety of poultry and chicken feed, ensuring your chickens receive a balanced diet.

Farm and Pet Place specialises in a variety of poultry feeds, including those specifically for laying hens, chicks, and organic options.

Chelford Farm Supplies offers a selection of top-quality poultry feed, ensuring your chickens are well-nourished and healthy.

Remember to choose the right feed for your flock’s age and purpose (laying, meat, etc.) and consider rotating different brands to provide a variety of nutrients. Also, never forget to supplement their diet with treats like watermelon and other safe fruits for a happy and healthy flock.

What Food Should You Avoid Giving Chickens?

While chickens are known for their robust and diverse diet, there are certain foods and drinks that should be avoided due to their potential harm to chickens’ health. Below is a table outlining some items that should be kept out of your flock’s diet:

ChocolateContains theobromine and caffeine, both of which are toxic to chickens.
AlcoholCan lead to poor health and behavioural problems. Chickens cannot metabolize alcohol like humans.
AvocadoThe skin and pit contain persin, a toxin harmful to chickens.
Raw BeansContain phytohaemagglutinin, a toxin that can be fatal to chickens.
Green Potatoes/TomatoesContain solanine, a toxin that is harmful to chickens.
Salty FoodsHigh salt intake can lead to salt poisoning or excessive thirst, leading to other health problems.
OnionsIn large amounts, can cause digestive upset or even anaemia.
Caffeinated DrinksLike chocolate, caffeine is harmful to chickens.
Mouldy FoodCan contain harmful bacteria and toxins that can lead to serious illness.

It’s essential to be aware of these foods to prevent any unintentional harm to your chickens. If you’re ever uncertain about a specific food item, it’s best to err on the side of caution and avoid feeding it to your flock until you have verified its safety.

Remember, the cornerstone of your chickens’ diet should be a high-quality poultry feed, supplemented by safe fruits and vegetables, grit for digestion, and clean, fresh water. Offering a balanced diet will help ensure the health and happiness of your flock.


In conclusion, watermelon can be a nutritious, hydrating treat that most chickens love. It’s safe for them to eat, including the rinds, as long as it’s offered in moderation and in the right way. However, it’s important to remember that treats like watermelon should supplement, not replace, a balanced poultry feed that makes up the majority of their diet.

Moreover, while watermelon is safe, there are certain foods and drinks that should be avoided to prevent harm to your chickens. Always make sure you’re aware of what’s in your chickens’ diet and ensure they have access to fresh water at all times. With the right nutrition, your flock will be healthy, happy, and productive.

We hope this article has answered your questions about feeding watermelon to chickens and provided useful insights into maintaining a balanced chicken diet.


Can Chickens Eat Watermelon Seeds?

While chickens can technically eat watermelon seeds, it’s best to limit their intake. Larger seeds could pose a choking hazard, especially for smaller chickens. Moreover, some seeds might contain trace amounts of chemicals if the watermelon has been treated or genetically modified. As a safety precaution, remove as many seeds as possible before feeding watermelon to your chickens.

How Can I Keep Watermelon Fresh for My Chickens?

To keep watermelon fresh for your chickens, store it in a cool, dry place. Once cut open, wrap it tightly in cling film or store in an airtight container and keep it in the fridge. It’s important to serve watermelon at room temperature, so take it out of the fridge a little while before feeding it to your chickens.

Are Other Melons Safe for Chickens to Eat?

Yes, other types of melons such as cantaloupe or honeydew are also safe for chickens to eat. They provide similar hydration and nutritional benefits to watermelon. Always remember to wash the fruit thoroughly, remove any seeds, and cut it into manageable pieces before feeding it to your chickens.

Do Different Breeds of Chickens Have Different Dietary Needs?

While all chickens require a balanced diet of protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals, some breeds may have slightly different nutritional needs, particularly in relation to protein and calcium. For example, egg-laying breeds often require a higher intake of calcium. Always ensure that you’re feeding a diet appropriate to your chickens’ breed, age, and purpose (meat, laying, etc.).

Can Chickens Overeat on Treats Like Watermelon?

Yes, chickens can overeat if given unlimited access to treats like watermelon. Overconsumption can lead to nutritional imbalances and digestive problems. That’s why it’s important to limit treats to no more than 10% of your chickens’ diet and always ensure that they have access to a balanced poultry feed.

What Are Some Other Healthy Treats for Chickens?

Other healthy treats for chickens include vegetables like lettuce, cabbage, and cucumbers, and fruits such as apples, pears, and berries. Grains like corn and wheat can also be enjoyed by chickens. As always, these treats should be clean, fresh, and served in moderation.


Healthline (no date) ‘How to Raise Your Own Backyard Chickens’ Available at: (Accessed: 14 July 2023).

Omlet (no date) ‘Feeding Chickens – What Should I Feed My Chickens?’ Available at: (Accessed: 14 July 2023).

The Chicken Chick (no date) ‘Feeding Chickens at Different Ages’ Available at: (Accessed: 14 July 2023).

The Happy Chicken Coop (no date) ‘The Complete Guide to Chicken Feed’ Available at: (Accessed: 14 July 2023).

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top