Can Bearded Dragons Eat Earthworms?

small bearded dragon in pool of water

Quick Answer:- Can Bearded Dragons Eat Earthworms?

Yes, bearded dragons can eat earthworms, but it should be done with caution. Earthworms can be a source of protein and nutrients for bearded dragons, but they should not be a staple in their diet. When offering earthworms, make sure they are sourced from a clean, pesticide-free environment, as contaminants can harm your pet. Earthworms should be given occasionally as a treat rather than a regular meal.

For more comprehensive information about the diet of bearded dragons, including what other insects and vegetables they can consume, have a look at our detailed guide on what can bearded dragons eat?

Are Earthworms Harmful To Bearded Dragons?

Earthworms themselves are not typically harmful to bearded dragons if given occasionally and sourced from a safe environment. However, there are certain concerns that need to be taken into account. Earthworms can carry parasites or bacteria, especially if collected from an unknown or contaminated source. If the worms are from an area exposed to pesticides or chemicals, they can be toxic to the bearded dragons.

Moreover, earthworms have a high moisture content, which might lead to digestive issues if fed in large quantities. To mitigate these risks, it is crucial to source earthworms from a reliable supplier who guarantees that they are free from contaminants.

Feeding a varied diet to bearded dragons is vital to their health and wellbeing. Along with insects like earthworms, you can also offer vegetables to maintain a balanced diet. For more information on including vegetables in their diet, check out our article on can bearded dragons have lettuce?.

brown and white bearded dragon on a white surface

Are There Any Risks Of Feeding Earthworms To Bearded Dragons?

Feeding earthworms to bearded dragons might seem like a natural choice, given that these reptiles are insectivores. However, introducing earthworms into their diet can come with several risks that owners should be aware of. Ensuring the health and happiness of your bearded dragon means understanding these potential hazards:

Parasitic Infection: Earthworms can carry parasites that may be transmitted to bearded dragons.

Bacterial Contamination: If not sourced from a clean environment, earthworms can introduce harmful bacteria.

Exposure to Pesticides: Worms from gardens or fields treated with chemicals may contain toxic residues.

High Moisture Content: Too much moisture from earthworms can lead to digestive issues.

Imbalanced Diet: Relying too heavily on earthworms can create nutritional imbalances.

Choking Hazard: Large earthworms might pose a choking risk, especially to younger bearded dragons.

Allergic Reactions: Though rare, bearded dragons might have an unforeseen allergic reaction to earthworms.

Risk of Obesity: Earthworms are high in fat, and overfeeding them can contribute to obesity.

Difficulty in Digestion: The texture of earthworms might be difficult for some bearded dragons to digest.

Availability Issues: Finding a consistent and safe source of earthworms can be challenging.

Summary: While earthworms can be an occasional treat for bearded dragons, the above risks highlight the importance of being cautious. A varied and balanced diet that includes other insects, vegetables, and specially formulated reptile foods is generally more suitable for their overall well-being. For more insights on diverse feeding options, including information on feeding bearded dragons tomatoes, explore our other guides on bearded dragon nutrition.

Are Earthworms A Good Source Of Nutrition For Bearded Dragons?

Earthworms, as a natural food source, do contain some nutrients that might benefit bearded dragons. Though not an ideal staple in their diet, earthworms can be considered as an occasional treat. Below is a table detailing the primary nutrients found in earthworms and the corresponding nutritional benefits for bearded dragons:

NutrientNutritional Benefit for Bearded Dragons
ProteinEssential for growth and muscle development
FatSource of energy; aids in nutrient absorption
MoistureAids in hydration but can be excessive
CalciumImportant for bone health and metabolism
PhosphorusWorks with calcium in bone formation
FiberCan aid in digestion
Vitamins (e.g., A, B12)Support vision, nerve function, and overall health

Despite these nutritional aspects, earthworms should only be included in the diet of a bearded dragon after careful consideration of the source and in conjunction with other insects, vegetables, and specially formulated reptile foods. This ensures a balanced diet that meets all of the nutritional needs of your bearded dragon.

Types of Earthworms For Bearded Dragons

When considering feeding earthworms to bearded dragons in the UK, it’s essential to identify the types of earthworms that are safe and accessible. Understanding the various options allows for a more informed decision in selecting the right kind for your pet. Here are some of the types of earthworms that are commonly found in the UK and may be suitable for feeding bearded dragons:

Lob Worms (Nightcrawlers): These are large, meaty worms often used by anglers. They’re rich in protein but should be offered in moderation due to their size.

Dendrobaena Worms: Also known as European Nightcrawlers, these worms are commonly available from reptile food suppliers and are known for their active wriggling, which can stimulate the interest of bearded dragons.

Red Worms (Eisenia fetida): These are smaller, more delicate worms often used for composting. They can be a suitable option for younger or smaller bearded dragons.

Brandling Worms: Sometimes found in compost heaps, these worms are similar to red worms and can be used as an occasional treat.

When sourcing earthworms for your bearded dragon, it’s imperative to ensure that they come from a pesticide-free environment. Many owners choose to purchase earthworms from reputable pet or fishing stores rather than collecting them from the wild, as this minimizes the risk of contamination or exposure to harmful substances. Always consult with a reptile specialist or a veterinarian experienced in reptile care to ensure that you’re choosing the appropriate type of earthworm for your specific bearded dragon.

Do Bearded Dragons Like Earthworms?

Bearded dragons’ preferences can vary widely, and the same is true when it comes to earthworms. Some bearded dragons may find earthworms appealing due to their movement, while others may not show much interest. Here’s a closer look at the factors that influence whether bearded dragons might like earthworms:

Texture and Taste: Earthworms have a unique texture and taste that some bearded dragons may find enticing, while others may be indifferent or even put off by it.

Size: The size of the earthworms can affect a bearded dragon’s interest. Larger worms like Lob Worms might be more appealing to adult bearded dragons, while smaller ones like Red Worms could be more suitable for younger or smaller dragons.

Movement: Earthworms’ wriggling motion might stimulate the predatory instincts of bearded dragons, making them an engaging food option for some.

Individual Preferences: Just like humans, bearded dragons have individual tastes and preferences. What one bearded dragon enjoys, another might ignore.

If you decide to offer earthworms to your bearded dragon, it’s essential to observe its reaction. If the bearded dragon seems uninterested or reluctant to eat them, it might be best to remove the earthworms and try other insects that are known to be palatable for bearded dragons.

Offering a diverse diet that includes various insects, fruits, and vegetables will ensure that your bearded dragon has a balanced diet and a range of tastes and textures to enjoy. Experimenting with different food items, including earthworms, under the guidance of a reptile care specialist, can help you discover what your bearded dragon prefers.

How Should You Serve Them Earthworms?

Serving earthworms to your bearded dragon requires careful consideration and preparation to ensure that they are safe and appealing. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to serve earthworms to your bearded dragon in the UK:

Source the Earthworms: Choose earthworms from a reputable pet store or supplier that guarantees they are free from pesticides and contaminants.

Select the Right Size: Choose earthworms that are appropriate for the size and age of your bearded dragon. Smaller worms may be more suitable for younger dragons.

Clean the Earthworms: Rinse the earthworms gently in dechlorinated water to remove any dirt or debris.

Portion Control: Offer a reasonable quantity based on your bearded dragon’s size and dietary needs. Earthworms should only be an occasional treat, not a staple in the diet.

Presentation: Place the earthworms in a shallow dish or feed them using feeding tongs. This will prevent the earthworms from burrowing into the substrate and hiding from your pet.

Observe: Watch your bearded dragon’s reaction to the earthworms. If they seem uninterested or hesitant, remove the worms and consult with a reptile specialist about alternative feeding options.

Supplement if Necessary: If you’re feeding earthworms regularly, consult a vet or reptile specialist about the possible need for additional supplements, such as calcium or vitamins, to ensure a balanced diet.

Avoid Wild Sourcing: Collecting earthworms from the garden or wild areas might expose your bearded dragon to harmful chemicals or parasites. Stick to worms from trusted sources.

Storage: If you purchase earthworms in bulk, store them in a container with moist soil or a specially designed worm bedding. Keep them in a cool, dark place and follow the supplier’s storage instructions.

Remember, every bearded dragon is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. It’s always best to consult with a professional reptile care specialist or veterinarian who can provide advice tailored to your specific bearded dragon’s needs and preferences. By following these guidelines, you can offer earthworms as a special treat that complements your bearded dragon’s overall balanced diet.

How Much Earthworms Can Bearded Dragons Eat?

Determining the right amount of earthworms to feed a bearded dragon is crucial, as too much can lead to health problems, while too little may not satisfy their appetite. Earthworms should be viewed as an occasional treat rather than a staple diet. Here’s how to gauge the appropriate amount:

Age and Size Consideration: Younger or smaller bearded dragons will require fewer earthworms than adult or larger ones. One or two small earthworms might be suitable for a young dragon, while an adult might eat a few more.

Nutritional Balance: Since earthworms should not be the primary food source, they should only make up a small portion of the bearded dragon’s diet. Other insects, vegetables, and specially formulated reptile foods should constitute the bulk of their meals.

Frequency: Earthworms can be offered once a week or even less frequently, depending on the rest of the diet. Overfeeding earthworms can lead to nutritional imbalances and health problems.

Monitor Weight and Health: Keeping an eye on your bearded dragon’s weight and overall health will help you adjust their diet accordingly. If you notice any weight gain or digestive issues, consider reducing or eliminating earthworms from the diet.

Consult a Specialist: For personalized guidance on the exact quantity and frequency suitable for your bearded dragon, consult with a reptile care specialist or veterinarian. They can assess your pet’s specific needs and recommend a balanced diet.

It’s vital to recognize that while earthworms can be an exciting addition to a bearded dragon’s diet, they are not essential. A varied and balanced diet that includes other insects, vegetables, and reptile-specific foods will provide all the necessary nutrients without relying on earthworms. Following professional guidance and carefully observing your bearded dragon’s reaction to earthworms will ensure a healthy and satisfying dietary experience.

yellow and brown bearded dragon

What Should Their Main Diet Consist Of?

Bearded dragons require a balanced diet that includes a mix of insects, vegetables, and fruits, as well as specially formulated reptile foods. Earthworms can be an occasional treat, but the main diet should consist of the following elements:

Insects: Crickets, mealworms, and roaches are excellent sources of protein and should make up a significant portion of their diet, especially for younger bearded dragons.

Vegetables: Greens such as kale, collard greens, and mustard greens provide essential vitamins and minerals. Learn more about feeding cabbage to bearded dragons for additional vegetable options.

Fruits: Occasional servings of fruits like berries, apples, and melon add variety and nutrients.

Calcium and Vitamin Supplements: These may be necessary to ensure proper bone growth and overall health, especially if the diet is not diverse enough.

Reptile-Specific Foods: Pelleted or specially formulated diets are available in pet stores and can be a convenient way to provide balanced nutrition.

Fresh Water: Always ensure fresh water is available for hydration.

Avoid High Oxalate Foods: Certain foods like spinach and rhubarb can inhibit calcium absorption and should be avoided.

Moderation with High-Fat Foods: Foods high in fat, such as earthworms, should be limited to maintain a healthy weight.

The exact proportions and types of food will vary based on the age, health, and specific needs of the bearded dragon. Working with a reptile care specialist or veterinarian experienced with bearded dragons will ensure a personalized diet plan that meets all nutritional requirements. By focusing on a balanced and varied diet, you can ensure that your bearded dragon thrives and enjoys a healthy life.

Where Can You Buy Bearded Dragons Food?

When it comes to feeding your bearded dragon, it’s essential to find quality food from reputable sources. Fortunately, in the UK, several trusted retailers provide a wide range of bearded dragon food, including insects, dry food, supplements, and other essential dietary needs:

Reptile Centre: This specialty store offers a comprehensive selection of bearded dragon food, including live insects, pelleted diets, and nutritional supplements tailored to bearded dragons’ needs.

Evolution Reptiles: A reputable supplier of reptile food, Evolution Reptiles offers various dry food options specifically formulated for bearded dragons, ensuring a balanced diet.

Pets at Home: As one of the UK’s leading pet retailers, Pets at Home provides a diverse range of reptile food, including products suitable for bearded dragons. Their selection includes live insects, pre-packaged diets, and fresh produce suitable for reptile consumption.

When shopping for bearded dragon food, it’s essential to look for products that meet the specific nutritional needs of your pet. Consult with a reptile care specialist or veterinarian to understand the best diet for your bearded dragon and source the food accordingly. By purchasing from reputable sources, you can be confident that you’re providing a diet that supports your bearded dragon’s health and well-being.

What Food Should You Avoid Giving Bearded Dragons?

Bearded dragons have specific dietary needs, and certain foods can be harmful or even toxic to them. While a diverse diet of insects, vegetables, and fruits is generally encouraged, some items should be avoided. The following table lists common foods and drinks that you should not give to your bearded dragon, along with explanations as to why they are unsuitable.

Food or DrinkReason for Avoidance
AvocadoContains substances that can be toxic to bearded dragons, leading to health problems.
RhubarbHigh in oxalic acid, which inhibits calcium absorption, potentially leading to bone disorders.
SpinachLike rhubarb, spinach is high in oxalic acid and can interfere with calcium absorption.
Citrus FruitsHighly acidic and can cause digestive issues if fed in large quantities.
FirefliesToxic to bearded dragons and can be fatal if ingested.
Iceberg LettuceLacks nutritional value and can cause diarrhea if consumed in large quantities.
Dairy ProductsBearded dragons are lactose intolerant, and dairy can lead to digestive problems.
Wild-Caught InsectsMay contain pesticides or parasites, posing serious health risks.
AlcoholHighly toxic to bearded dragons and can lead to severe health problems or death.
ChocolateContains substances toxic to many reptiles, including bearded dragons.

Understanding and adhering to the dietary restrictions of bearded dragons is essential for their well-being. Feeding them inappropriate or toxic foods can lead to serious health problems or even death. Always consult with a reptile care specialist, veterinarian, or reliable care guide to ensure that the food you offer your bearded dragon is safe and nutritious. By focusing on a balanced diet and avoiding the foods listed above, you can contribute to your bearded dragon’s healthy and happy life.


Bearded dragons are fascinating and rewarding pets, but their dietary needs require careful attention and understanding. While they can enjoy a varied diet, including occasional treats like earthworms, the focus should always be on providing a balanced and nutritionally appropriate diet. Avoiding harmful foods and following expert guidance on portion sizes and feeding frequency will ensure that your bearded dragon thrives. By investing time and effort into understanding what your bearded dragon can and cannot eat, you become a responsible pet owner, contributing to your bearded dragon’s health, happiness, and longevity. Whether you’re a new bearded dragon owner or looking to refine your existing feeding practices, the information in this article provides a valuable guide to nourishing your reptile friend properly.


Can Bearded Dragons Eat Cooked Earthworms?

No, bearded dragons should not be fed cooked earthworms. Cooking can destroy some of the essential nutrients that make earthworms a potentially beneficial treat. It’s best to offer earthworms raw and from a reputable source to ensure they are free from pesticides and other harmful chemicals.

How Can I Safely Clean Earthworms Before Feeding Them to My Bearded Dragon?

Before feeding earthworms to your bearded dragon, it’s essential to wash them with clean, chlorine-free water to remove any dirt or contaminants. If you’ve sourced the earthworms from a reliable pet or reptile store, they should already be safe for consumption. Avoid using wild-caught earthworms, as they may contain parasites or pesticides.

What Other Worms Can Bearded Dragons Eat Besides Earthworms?

Bearded dragons can eat other types of worms like mealworms, waxworms, and superworms. These worms provide different nutrients and can be part of a varied diet. Always ensure that the worms are appropriately sized for your bearded dragon and are sourced from reputable suppliers to avoid potential health risks.

Is It Safe to Feed My Bearded Dragon Earthworms From My Garden?

It is not advisable to feed bearded dragons earthworms from your garden or other wild sources. Wild earthworms can contain pesticides, fertilizers, or parasites that can be harmful to your bearded dragon. Always purchase earthworms from a reputable supplier to ensure they are safe for consumption.

Can I Feed My Bearded Dragon Earthworms Daily?

Earthworms should only be an occasional treat for bearded dragons and not a daily food item. Overfeeding earthworms can lead to nutritional imbalances and health problems. It’s essential to maintain a varied diet that includes other insects, vegetables, and specially formulated reptile foods for overall nutritional balance.

How Do I Store Earthworms for My Bearded Dragon’s Diet?

Earthworms can be stored in the refrigerator for short periods in a container with damp soil or a similar substrate. Proper storage conditions will keep the earthworms alive and fresh until feeding time. Consult with the supplier or pet store for specific storage instructions based on the type and source of the earthworms.


Everything Reptiles (n.d.). What Do Bearded Dragons Eat?. Accessed 2 August 2023.

VCA Hospitals (n.d.). Bearded Dragons: Feeding. Accessed 2 August 2023.

Falls Road Animal Hospital (2022). Bearded Dragon Diet. Accessed 2 August 2023.

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