Animal Spotlights:- Afghan Hound

blonde afghan hound

Breed Overview

The Afghan Hound is a distinct and elegant dog breed, known for its long, silky coat, regal appearance, and impressive speed. Originally bred in Afghanistan’s mountainous regions, these dogs were primarily used for hunting large game, such as deer and gazelle, due to their incredible agility and keen sense of sight. Despite their hunting origins, Afghan Hounds are now highly sought-after companion animals and show dogs in the United Kingdom and around the world.

This breed is known for its independent nature and aloof demeanour, making it a unique and captivating choice for pet owners who appreciate a canine companion with a bit of mystique. While their grace and beauty are certainly appealing, potential owners should be prepared for the time and effort required to maintain the Afghan Hound’s luxurious coat and meet its exercise needs.

Average Sizes and Life Expectancy Of The Breed

Afghan Hounds are a large and lean breed, with males typically being taller and heavier than females. Their life expectancy is relatively long for a large breed, and with proper care and attention, these dogs can lead healthy, happy lives. Here is a summary of their average height, weight, and life expectancy:

Height68-74 cm63-69 cm
Weight27-34 kg23-29 kg
Life Expectancy12-14 years12-14 years
Afghan Hound Close Up

Breed Traits and Characteristics

In this section, we will provide an overview of the key traits and characteristics of the Afghan Hound breed. These traits are divided into several categories: Family Life, Physical Traits, Socialness, and Dog Personality. The tables below will summarise these traits and offer a description for each, helping you to better understand the Afghan Hound.

Family Life

Trait / CharacteristicDescription
Dogs level of affectionHigh
Good with childrenYes
Good with other dogsYes
Suitable For Novice OwnersModerate

Afghan Hounds are known for their high level of affection towards their family members. They are generally good with children and other dogs, making them suitable family pets. However, their needs and temperament may not be ideal for novice dog owners, who may find them a bit challenging to handle.

Physical Traits

Trait / CharacteristicDescription
Coat TypeLong, silky
Shedding LevelModerate
Drooling LevelLow
Coat Grooming RequirementsHigh
Coat LengthLong
General HealthGood
Potential To Gain WeightModerate
Exercise NeedsHigh

Afghan Hounds have long, silky coats that require regular grooming to maintain their stunning appearance. They shed moderately and are low droolers. Their general health is good, but they have a moderate potential to gain weight if not provided with proper exercise and diet. These dogs have high exercise needs, so they need an active family to keep them fit and happy.


Trait / CharacteristicDescription
Attitude Towards StrangersReserved
Protective NatureModerate
Ability to leave aloneModerate

Afghan Hounds are playful dogs that enjoy spending time with their families. They can be reserved towards strangers and have a moderate protective instinct. These dogs have moderate adaptability, meaning they can adjust to different environments but may require some time to do so. Their ability to be left alone is also moderate, so they are not suitable for families with long working hours.

Dog Personality

Trait / CharacteristicDescription
Energy LevelsHigh
Mental Stimulation NeedsHigh

Afghan Hounds are intelligent dogs with moderate trainability. They are not excessive barkers, but they do have high energy levels and mental stimulation needs. Regular exercise and mental challenges are essential to keep these dogs content and well-behaved.

Pros & Cons

In this section, we will outline the pros and cons of owning an Afghan Hound to help you determine if this breed is the right fit for your family and lifestyle. The table below provides a clear and concise summary of the advantages and disadvantages of the Afghan Hound breed.

Affectionate and loving with family membersRequires high levels of grooming
Good with children and other dogsModerate trainability
Highly intelligentHigh exercise and mental stimulation needs
Low barking tendencyReserved with strangers
Moderate adaptabilityNot ideal for novice dog owners
Graceful and elegant appearancePotential to gain weight if not properly exercised and fed

Afghan Hounds can make wonderful family pets, thanks to their affectionate nature, compatibility with children and other dogs, and intelligence. However, prospective owners should be aware of their grooming needs, exercise requirements, and potential challenges in training. Consider these pros and cons carefully to ensure that an Afghan Hound is the right choice for your family.

Tan Afghan Hound


Afghan Hounds are known by several nicknames, which reflect their unique appearance, heritage, and characteristics. Some of the most common nicknames for this breed are:

  1. Afghan – A shortened version of their breed name, highlighting their connection to Afghanistan.
  2. Tazi – This nickname refers to the breed’s ancient lineage, as they are believed to be descendants of the Tazi dogs found in Central Asia.
  3. Ogar Afgan – A name of Persian origin, which translates to “Afghan Hound” or “Afghan dog”, emphasizing the breed’s roots in Afghanistan.
  4. Sage Balochi – This nickname is derived from the Balochi language, spoken in parts of Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, and means “Balochi dog”. It highlights the breed’s association with the Baloch people and their nomadic lifestyle.
  5. Eastern Greyhound – This nickname alludes to the breed’s similarity in appearance and speed to the well-known Greyhound breed, while emphasizing their origin in the East.

These nicknames pay tribute to the Afghan Hound’s origins, graceful appearance, and speed, while also showcasing their rich history and connection to various cultures and regions.

General Temperament

The general temperament of Afghan Hounds is a unique combination of dignity, independence, and loyalty. These dogs are known for their strong bond with their family, displaying a loving and affectionate nature towards those they consider their own. However, they are also independent thinkers and may sometimes appear aloof or reserved, especially with strangers.

Afghan Hounds are highly intelligent, which can sometimes make them stubborn or challenging to train. Consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement are essential when working with this breed. Although they have a playful side, they are also known for their grace and elegance, moving with a fluid, almost cat-like gait.

Despite their regal appearance, Afghan Hounds are sensitive animals that require a gentle and understanding approach. They thrive in an environment where they are treated with kindness and respect. Overall, the temperament of an Afghan Hound is best described as a blend of affection, intelligence, and independence, making them a captivating and rewarding companion for the right owner.


The bark of an Afghan Hound is typically low and infrequent. These dogs are not known for excessive barking or being overly vocal. However, they will bark if they feel the need to alert their family to potential dangers or if they sense something is amiss. Their reserved nature and high intelligence contribute to their selective use of barking, making them more likely to bark with a purpose rather than for attention or play.

Although Afghan Hounds are not excessive barkers, it is essential to provide them with proper training and socialisation from an early age to ensure that they understand when barking is appropriate and when it is not. Training and mental stimulation are crucial to preventing any unwanted behaviours, including unnecessary barking, in this breed.

Colours & Markings

Afghan Hounds come in a wide variety of colours and markings, adding to their unique and striking appearance. Their long, silky coats can be found in almost any colour, including black, blue, cream, fawn, red, silver, and white. They may also have various shades of brindle, sable, and combinations of these colours.

Some Afghan Hounds may have facial or body markings, such as a mask or saddle pattern, which can add contrast and depth to their overall appearance. It is important to note that the breed standard does not place emphasis on a specific colour or marking, so there is no preference for one over the other in terms of breed quality.

Afghan Hounds’ diverse range of colours and markings make each dog unique and visually captivating, adding to their elegance and appeal as a breed.

Breeding Advice

Breeding Afghan Hounds requires careful planning, knowledge, and commitment to ensure the health and welfare of both the parent dogs and their puppies. If you are considering breeding Afghan Hounds, here are some essential pieces of advice:

  1. Research and educate yourself: Learn about the breed’s history, temperament, health issues, and specific needs. Familiarise yourself with the breed standard and responsible breeding practices.
  2. Health screenings: Ensure that both the sire and dam have undergone appropriate health screenings, such as hip and elbow dysplasia evaluations, eye exams, and genetic tests for breed-specific conditions. This helps minimise the risk of passing on hereditary health issues to the puppies.
  3. Select suitable breeding partners: Choose dogs with good temperaments, health, and breed characteristics. It is essential to select breeding partners that complement each other to produce healthy and well-rounded puppies.
  4. Be prepared for the costs: Breeding dogs can be expensive, with costs such as health tests, veterinary care, vaccinations, and supplies for the dam and puppies. Make sure you are financially prepared for the responsibilities that come with breeding.
  5. Provide proper care for the pregnant dam: Ensure that the dam receives proper nutrition, exercise, and veterinary care during her pregnancy. Monitor her closely as the delivery date approaches, and have a plan in place for any emergencies.
  6. Be ready for whelping: Prepare a clean, quiet, and comfortable area for the dam to give birth. Familiarise yourself with the signs of labour and be prepared to assist if necessary.
  7. Care for the puppies: Provide a safe and clean environment for the puppies, ensure they receive appropriate veterinary care, vaccinations, and socialisation. Be prepared to invest time and effort in raising well-adjusted puppies.
  8. Find responsible homes: Screen potential puppy buyers carefully to ensure they are prepared for the responsibilities of owning an Afghan Hound. Provide new owners with information about the breed, proper care, and training advice.
  9. Commit to lifetime support: As a responsible breeder, be prepared to offer support and advice to puppy owners throughout the dog’s life. Be willing to take back any puppies if their new owners are unable to care for them.
  10. Breeding Afghan Hounds is a serious commitment that requires time, resources, and dedication to ensure the health and happiness of the dogs involved. Adhering to these guidelines will help you navigate the breeding process responsibly and contribute positively to the breed’s future.


Care Advice

Diet Recommendations

Feeding an Afghan Hound requires providing a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. Some diet recommendations include:

  1. High-quality commercial dog food: Choose a premium dog food formulated for large breeds and their specific life stage (puppy, adult, or senior).
  2. Protein source: Ensure that the food contains a high-quality protein source, such as chicken, fish, or lamb.
  3. Balanced nutrients: The diet should have a balance of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals to support overall health.
  4. Portion control: Monitor your Afghan Hound’s weight and adjust their food intake accordingly to maintain a healthy weight.
  5. Treats and snacks: Offer healthy treats in moderation and avoid table scraps or high-calorie snacks that may lead to weight gain.
  6. Consult your vet: If you have any concerns about your dog’s dietary needs or wish to explore other feeding options, such as a raw or home-cooked diet, consult your veterinarian for guidance.

Exercise Recommendations

Afghan Hounds are an active breed that requires regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being. Some exercise recommendations for this breed include:

  1. Daily walks: Provide at least one long walk or a couple of shorter walks each day to keep your Afghan Hound fit and healthy.
  2. Playtime: Engage your dog in interactive games, such as fetch or tug-of-war, to keep them mentally stimulated and physically active.
  3. Off-leash running: Allow your Afghan Hound to run freely in a secure, fenced area to take advantage of their natural speed and agility.
  4. Canine sports: Consider participating in activities such as lure coursing, agility, or obedience training to provide mental and physical stimulation.
  5. Exercise caution: Avoid exercising your Afghan Hound in extreme heat or cold, as their long coat can make them prone to overheating or chilling.

Common Illnesses

Illness / DiseaseDescription
Hip DysplasiaA genetic condition in which the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
Elbow DysplasiaA developmental disorder affecting the elbow joint, causing pain and lameness.
CataractsAn eye condition where the lens becomes cloudy, resulting in impaired vision or blindness.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)A group of degenerative eye diseases that cause gradual vision loss, eventually leading to blindness.
AllergiesAfghan Hounds can be prone to various allergies, such as food, environmental, or contact allergies, resulting in skin issues or gastrointestinal upset.
Bloat (Gastric Torsion)A life-threatening condition in which the stomach twists on itself, cutting off blood supply and requiring immediate medical attention.
ChylothoraxA rare condition where lymphatic fluid accumulates in the chest cavity, causing difficulty breathing and other complications.

Regular veterinary check-ups, proper diet, exercise, and grooming can help maintain your Afghan Hound’s overall health and prevent or manage these common illnesses.

Grey Afghan Hound

What To Expect When Caring For An Afghan Hound


Afghan Hounds are generally a healthy breed, but like all dogs, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some common health problems in Afghan Hounds include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), allergies, bloat, and chylothorax. Regular veterinary check-ups are essential to monitor and maintain your dog’s health. It is recommended to have annual health examinations, along with routine vaccinations and parasite prevention. Some breed-specific tests, such as hip and elbow dysplasia evaluations and eye exams, can help detect and manage potential health problems early.


Grooming is an essential aspect of caring for an Afghan Hound due to their long, silky coat. Regular brushing is necessary to prevent matting and tangles, which can lead to skin irritation and discomfort. It is recommended to brush your Afghan Hound’s coat at least two to three times a week, or more frequently if needed. Bathing should be done every four to six weeks, or as necessary to keep the coat clean and healthy. In addition to coat care, regular nail trimming, ear cleaning, and dental care are important aspects of grooming to maintain your dog’s overall well-being.


Afghan Hounds require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. A combination of daily walks, playtime, and off-leash running in a secure area will help meet their physical and mental needs. Participating in canine sports, such as lure coursing or agility, can also provide additional exercise and mental stimulation. Keep in mind that Afghan Hounds are sensitive to extreme temperatures, so exercise caution when exercising your dog in hot or cold weather.


Training an Afghan Hound can be a rewarding experience, but it may require patience and consistency due to their independent nature. Positive reinforcement methods, such as praise and treats, work best with this breed. Early socialisation and obedience training are essential to raise a well-mannered and confident Afghan Hound. Although they can be stubborn at times, Afghan Hounds are intelligent dogs that can excel in various activities with the right approach and guidance.


When it comes to feeding your Afghan Hound, it is important to choose a high-quality commercial dog food that meets their nutritional needs. In the UK, there are several reputable online retailers and pet shops where you can purchase dog food. Some popular options include:

Pets at Home (

Amazon UK (

Remember to consult your veterinarian for specific dietary recommendations and advice on feeding your Afghan Hound, especially if you are considering alternative feeding options such as raw or home-cooked diets.

How To Buy / Adopt

When looking to buy or adopt an Afghan Hound in the UK, it’s important to research and find reputable breeders or rescue organisations to ensure that you are getting a healthy, well-socialised puppy or adult dog. Here are some resources to help you find Afghan Hounds for sale or adoption:

Pets4Homes (

When searching for an Afghan Hound, always be cautious of potential scams or disreputable breeders. It’s crucial to visit the breeder or rescue organisation in person, meet the parents of the puppies (if possible), and ask for health screening results and pedigree information. A responsible breeder will prioritise the health and welfare of their dogs and be willing to answer any questions you may have.

Origin and History

The Afghan Hound is an ancient breed with a fascinating history that dates back thousands of years. Originating in the mountainous regions of Afghanistan, the breed was developed primarily for its hunting skills. Afghan Hounds were used by nomadic tribes to hunt various game, including gazelles, hares, and even larger prey such as leopards, thanks to their incredible speed, agility, and endurance. Their long, silky coat provided protection against the harsh climate and terrain of the Afghan mountains.

The breed’s history is believed to have been preserved through oral traditions, making it difficult to trace their exact origins. However, some theories suggest that Afghan Hounds are descendants of ancient sighthounds that accompanied traders and travellers along the Silk Road.

Afghan Hounds were first introduced to the Western world in the early 20th century when British officers returning from military service in Afghanistan brought some of these dogs back to the UK. The breed quickly gained popularity for its distinctive appearance and elegant demeanor. The Afghan Hound was officially recognised by The Kennel Club in the UK in 1926 and by the American Kennel Club in 1927.

Since then, the breed has become a popular choice for dog enthusiasts and has been featured in various dog shows and competitions worldwide. While Afghan Hounds are no longer primarily used for hunting, their grace, beauty, and unique characteristics continue to captivate dog lovers around the globe.

Afghan Hound Groups / Clubs / Breed Organisations

If you are interested in learning more about Afghan Hounds or connecting with other enthusiasts, there are several breed organisations, clubs, and online groups available. These platforms offer resources, support, and opportunities to engage with fellow Afghan Hound lovers, share experiences, and participate in breed-specific events. Some notable Afghan Hound groups and clubs include:

The Afghan Hound Association (

The Afghan Hound Association is a UK-based organisation dedicated to promoting and protecting the interests of the breed. They organise events, shows, and seminars throughout the year, offering members the opportunity to learn more about the breed, showcase their dogs, and network with other Afghan Hound enthusiasts.

Afghan Hound Club of Wales (

The Afghan Hound Club of Wales is a Facebook group that brings together Afghan Hound enthusiasts from Wales and beyond. The group provides a platform for members to share photos, stories, and information about their dogs, as well as to discuss breed-specific topics and stay updated on club events and activities.

In addition to these groups, you may also want to consider joining national and regional Afghan Hound clubs, as well as general dog clubs and societies that cater to sighthounds or large breeds. These organisations can be invaluable sources of information, support, and camaraderie for Afghan Hound owners and enthusiasts.


In conclusion, the Afghan Hound is a truly unique and captivating breed with an ancient history and distinctive appearance. With their elegant stature, long, silky coat, and dignified demeanor, they are sure to turn heads wherever they go. As a breed, Afghan Hounds are known for their speed, agility, and independent nature, which make them both excellent companions and challenging pets.

Caring for an Afghan Hound requires a commitment to regular grooming, exercise, and training, as well as an understanding of their specific health and nutritional needs. By doing thorough research and connecting with reputable breeders or rescue organisations, prospective owners can ensure they are well-prepared to welcome an Afghan Hound into their lives.

Joining breed clubs and online groups can provide valuable support, information, and opportunities to engage with fellow Afghan Hound enthusiasts. Ultimately, with proper care and attention, an Afghan Hound can become a loyal, affectionate, and unforgettable addition to your family.


Is an Afghan Hound a Good Family Dog?

Afghan Hounds can make good family pets for the right household. They are affectionate and gentle, but they can also be independent and aloof. Early socialisation and proper training are essential to ensure they integrate well with family members, including children. It’s important to teach children how to interact respectfully with the dog to avoid accidents or misunderstandings.

How Much Does an Afghan Hound Cost?

The cost of an Afghan Hound can vary depending on factors such as the breeder’s reputation, location, and the dog’s pedigree. In the UK, you can expect to pay between £800 and £2,000 for a well-bred Afghan Hound puppy. Keep in mind that the initial cost of the puppy is just the beginning, as there will be ongoing expenses for food, grooming, healthcare, and other necessities throughout the dog’s life.

Do Afghan Hounds Bark a Lot?

Afghan Hounds are not known to be excessive barkers. While they may bark to alert their owners to something unusual or when they are excited, they generally have a low to moderate tendency to bark. However, individual dogs may vary, and proper training and socialisation can help manage barking behaviour.

What Is The Purpose Of An Afghan Hound?

The Afghan Hound was originally bred for hunting in the mountainous regions of Afghanistan. They were used to chase and catch various types of game, including gazelles, hares, and even larger prey like leopards, thanks to their speed, agility, and endurance. Nowadays, Afghan Hounds are primarily kept as companion animals and are also popular in dog shows and competitions.

Are Afghan Hounds Smart?

Afghan Hounds are intelligent dogs, but they are also known for their independent nature, which can sometimes make them appear aloof or stubborn. This trait may cause them to be more challenging to train compared to some other breeds. However, with patience, persistence, and positive reinforcement, Afghan Hounds can learn and excel in various activities.

Are Afghan Hounds Aggressive?

Afghan Hounds are not typically aggressive dogs. They are usually gentle, affectionate, and good-natured. However, like any breed, individual dogs may have different temperaments, and early socialisation and proper training are essential to prevent any behavioural issues. It’s important for owners to establish themselves as the leader and provide consistent guidance to ensure a well-behaved and balanced Afghan Hound.

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